Ramin Bahraniâ€™s efforts to adapt Ray Bradburyâ€™s novel â€śFahrenheit 451â€ť into a new movie for HBO came with a major obstacle. When Bradbury penned the 1953 tale of a future where all books are outlawed and burned, there was no internet, so eliminating the printed word was a less complicated proposition requiring only a single match.
In writing the screenplay with Amir Naderi, Bahrani had to factor in how Bradburyâ€™s â€śfiremenâ€ť could do their job when everyone has access to any book ever printed through the cellphone they carry in their pocket.
â€śIt wasnâ€™t easy. But you start to get into … how do you take Bradburyâ€™s themes, his ideas, which … he was so prophetic â€” is happening now â€” and adapt that,â€ť Bahrani said. â€śSo it wouldnâ€™t be very hard to start to manipulate and control whatâ€™s on the internet if things got more and more centralized.â€ť
His take on Bradburyâ€™s work has Michael B. Jordan (â€śBlack Pantherâ€ť) portraying Montag, a young and enthusiastic fireman who begins to question his beliefs as he is exposed more and more to a world where words are so precious to some, they are willing to give their lives to protect them. The mandate the firemen live under is to achieve social harmony by burning books, whether they be physical or electronic, while deleting and altering history, art, photos and facts. Words are being replaced with simplistic emojis.
Most of the population, known as â€śnatives,â€ť stay home, happily interacting with screens and getting anything they need from â€śYuxie,â€ť an advanced AI personal assistant that listens to and watches them at all times. It is the â€śEelsâ€ť who fight to save books, knowledge and culture. Montag eventually begins to turn against his friend and mentor, Captain Beatty (Michael Shannon).
Bahrani took on the challenge of an updated look at the classic novel because heâ€™s been a fan of the work since he was in high school. He again began to think about the provocative themes in the book three years ago as the world appeared to be catching up to what Bradbury had envisioned.
â€śBetween the technological advancements in the last 20 years and politics, I think Bradburyâ€™s biggest concern about the erosion of culture is (relevant) now more than ever before,â€ť Bahrani said.
Bradbury was inspired to write his novel by book burnings done by the Nazis and even in American cities, along with the growth of publications like Readers Digest that condensed full books into much shorter snippets. Bahraniâ€™s inspiration is a world where the most reading some people do are the 140 characters in a tweet.
Despite the necessity of showing books being burned for the movie, setting fire to the printed material was not easy for the director.
â€ś(Bradbury) describes fire in many ways, and one of them is hypnotic. So thereâ€™s something hypnotic about the fire in the film, and then, of course, very painful. But picking the books still was very interesting. You know? Which book? I really wanted to burn Ferdowsi. Itâ€™s an Iranian epic poem. I had to have that. Or I really wanted Toni Morrison, because I love Toni Morrison. So she makes a presence in the film,â€ť Bahrani said. â€śItâ€™s not just books. Culture is being in the process of eroded in the film.”