As public trust in media outlets has been taking a worrying drop in recent years, researchers have been trying to figure out the causes. One element they’ve zeroed in on: Many Americans have a hard time distinguishing between factual reporting and opinion pieces, as the Pew Research Center has found.
Another recent study, the Gallup and Knight Foundation’s 2017 Survey on Trust, Media and Democracy, found that Americans estimate that 80 percent of the news they see on social media is biased. And perceived bias, of course, leads back to that issue of trust.
News organizations that want to preserve trust in their work need to be vigilant about addressing these issues. Among other things, that means clearly labeling opinion pieces as “Opinion.” NPR made that change last July.
Other news organizations take labeling of opinion content much further. The Washington Post, for one, defines “opinion” in a pop-up box that can be found on every online opinion piece, by hovering over the “Opinion” label. It states: “Opinion A column or article in the Opinions section (in print, this is known as the Editorial Pages).”
I praised NPR’s new labels at the time of the change. But I am concerned that NPR has not yet completely revised the way it shares opinion pieces on social media, an issue I raised in a column that ran in March.
Since that time, NPR has made one good change to address this issue. When NPR’s own social media team posts opinion pieces on Facebook, they now do make sure that the headlines include language that makes it clear that it is an “Opinion” piece.
But there’s still a hole in NPR’s system. If a Facebook user wants to share a story from npr.org to her or his personal Facebook page, there’s nothing that indicates that it’s an opinion piece when it shows up there. Likewise, tweets do not include any “Opinion” labeling unless the person posting the piece adds context in the text of the tweet itself.
The issue arose with this opinion piece from the novelist and essayist Monique Truong that ran Sunday. The tweet that went out under the @NPRFood Twitter account was simply the headline on the piece: “The Hypocrisy Of Eating At Mexican Restaurants” followed by a link. Because the system is automated, many NPR member stations posted the same tweet on their own timelines.
I’m not surprised that some people saw that headline as representing the opinion of NPR itself, not that of an individual contributor, and immediately raised concerns about bias.
Andrea Kissack, NPR’s senior supervising editor overseeing the Science Desk, told me that the tweet was sent out automatically and that the autotweet function for @NPRFood has now been turned off until the labeling issue is solved.
Other news outlets make clear in their tweets when they are linking to opinion pieces, so NPR should be able to, too.
It could add “Opinion” to the headlines. Here’s an example from The Washington Post:
Or it could write tweets that include the contributor’s name upfront. Here’s an example from The New York Times:
Op-Ed contributor Sonia Nazario writes, “Law and order can go hand in hand with humanity. Itâ€™s the American way. What we should never abide is treating children like trash, no matter where they come from.”https://t.co/WUTHTSB0gA
â€” The New York Times (@nytimes) June 24, 2018
Sara Goo, an NPR managing editor who oversees digital content, told me that she is looking into the issues. She added that she has also had conversations with Facebook about putting a bold “Opinion” label on all such content, from NPR and others, just as there is now a Facebook label for “Breaking News.”
“It seems like this is an industrywide problem,” she said. “People have a hard time determining the difference” between opinion pieces and straight news and “the more helpful we can be the better,” she said.
NPR does not run a great many opinion pieces but, as I reported before, that amount is slowly growing (although it also got rid of a science opinion blog, 13.7). If it is going to continue to run opinion pieces, then clearly distinguishing them â€” in tweets and other social media as well as all other aspects of its work â€” is an urgent necessity.