In the Republic of Kazakhstan, 60 cases of meningococcal infection have been registered since the beginning of 2018, including 21 cases among children under 14 years.Â 13 of them ended with death: AlmatyÂ â€“ 6 cases, in Almaty region â€“ 4 cases, in South Kazakhstan â€“ 2 cases and in Kyzylorda region â€“ 1 case, according to the Ministry of Health Friday (computer translated).
The situation is under the control of the Ministry of Health.
Meningococcal bacteria are carried harmlessly in the back of the nose and throat by about 10-20 per cent of the population at any one time. Very rarely, the bacteria invade the bloodstream and cause serious infections.
Meningococcal bacteria are not easily spread from person-to-person. The bacterium is present in droplets discharged from the nose and throat when coughing or sneezing, but is not spread by saliva and does not survive more than a few seconds in the environment.
Invasive meningococcal infection is most common in babies and young children, and older teenagers and young adults, but infection can occur at any age.
Symptoms may include high fever, chills, headache, neck stiffness, nausea and vomiting, drowsiness, confusion, and severe muscle and joint pains. Young children may not complain of symptoms, so fever, pale or blotchy complexion, vomiting, lethargy (blank staring, floppiness, inactivity, being hard to wake, or poor feeding) and rash are important signs.
Sometimes â€“ but not always â€“ symptoms may be accompanied by the appearance of a spotty red-purple rash that looks like small bleeding points beneath the skin or bruises.
Although treatable with antibiotics, meningococcal infection can progress very rapidly, so it is important that anyone experiencing these symptoms seeks medical attention promptly. Prevention is primarily by vaccination.